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Duty relief for imports and exports

Duty relief schemes allow you to pay less or no duty on imports and exports from and to non-EU countries.
If you are importing or exporting in the EU, you won’t have to pay any duty.
Trading outside the EU
Where the EU has a Free Trade Agreement in place with another country you can claim relief through a ‘trade preference’ to pay less or no duty.
There are rules around eligibility for trade preferences.
The rate of duty and the relief depends on the:
  • type of goods
  • country the goods are being exported to
  • country the goods originate in as set by the ‘rules of origin’
To claim a trade preference you need to:
  • get the correct commodity code for your goods
  • make sure your goods comply with the rules of origin
  • be able to provide proof of where your goods came from
  • make sure you comply with transport rules
Other duty relief schemes
If you’re importing from or exporting to a country where there is no Free Trade Agreement in place with the EU, you might be able to apply for one of these relief schemes:
  • temporary admission if you import goods for a specific use for a limited time, eg for an exhibition
  • Inward Processing for goods imported from outside the EU, processed in the EU and then exported to another non-EU country
  • Outward Processing (including textiles) for goods that are temporarily exported to a non-EU country, eg for repair or processing customs warehousing when you wish to store goods duty and VAT free
  • the community system of duty relief for goods that promote culture and science
  • duty suspensions and tariff quotas for raw materials, parts or half-finished products
  • returned goods relief for goods you reimport
  • end-use relief for certain goods like fish or cheese
  • processing under customs control for raw materials